Colonoscopy is a procedure that enables in examiner ordinarily a gastroenterologist to assess within the colon digestive organ or large bowel. The colonoscopy is four foot long, supple tube about the thickness of a finger with a Polaroid and a wellspring of light at its tip. The tip of the colonoscopy is inserted into the anus and then is advanced slowly, under optical control, into the rectum and through the colon usually as far as far as that the cecum, which is the first part of the colon.
The colonoscopy is a tinny, flexible tube that goes from 48 in. (122 cm) to 72 in. (183 cm). A minor video camera is connected to the colonoscopy so that your doctor can take pictures or video of the digestive organ (colon). The colonoscopy can be used to look at the entire colon and the more level part of the small digestive system. A test called Sigmoidoscopy shows just the rectum and the lower part of the colon.
How to get ready for Colonoscopy:
Doctor generally provides written instructions about how to prepare for colonoscopy. The process is called bowel preparation. Usually, all solids must be exhausted form the gastrointestinal tract by taking after a clear liquid diet for 1 to 3 days before the procedure. Patients should not drink beverages containing red or purple color. Adequate liquids include.
1. Strained tree grown foods juice
3. Plain espresso
4. Plain tea
5. Sports beverages
Before colonoscopy laxative or enema might be required in the night. Laxative is a medicine that release stool and increase bowel movements, generally laxatives are swallowed in pill form or as a powder dissolved in water. Enema is performed by flushing water, or sometimes a minor soap clarification, into the anus using a special wash bottle.
Patients might as well advise the doctor of all medical conditions and any medications, vitamins, or supplements taken customarily, including.
2) Arthritis solutions
3) Blood thinners
4) Diabetes solutions
5) Vitamins that hold iron
Driving is not allowed for 24 hours after colonoscopy to permit the soothing opportunity to wear off. Soon after the arrangement, patients might as well make gets ready.
How is colonoscopy performed:
During Colonoscopy, patients lie on their left side on an examination table. In most cases, a light soothing, and possibly pain treatment, helps keeps patients loose. Deeper sedation might be required in few cases. The doctor and medicinal staff monitor vital signs and attempt to make patients as comfortable as possible.
Doctor inserts a long, flexible, lighted tube called colonoscopy, or scope, into the anal and slowly guides it’s through the rectum and into the colon. The extension expands the digestive organ with carbon dioxide gas to give the doctor a better view. A small camera mounted on the degree transmits a video image from inside the large intestine to a computer screen, permitting the specialist to precisely look at the intestinal lining. The doctor might ask the patient to move periodically so the scope can be adjusted for better viewing.
Once the scope has arrived at the opening to the small digestive tract, it is slowly withdrawn and the lining of the large intestine is carefully examined again. Bleeding and cut of the digestive organ are possible to uncommon complications of colonoscopy.
Removal of Polyps and Biopsy:
A doctor can remove growths, known as polyps, during colonoscopy and later test them in a laboratory for signs of cancer. Polyps are common in adults are usually harmless yet, most colorectal cancer starts in polyp, so removing polyps early is an effective way to prevent cancer.
The doctor can take samples from abnormal- looking throughout colonoscopy. The procedure system, called a biopsy. Agrees the doctor to look at the tissue with microscope o indications of disease
The doctor removes polyps and takes biopsy tissue utilizing minor tools passed through the scope. If bleeding happens, the specialist can usually stop it can with an electrical test or special treatment passed through the scope. Tissue removal and the medications to quit bleeding are usually painless.
Recovery of Colonoscopy:
Colonoscopy usually takes 40 to 50 minutes. Cramping or bloating may happen throughout the first hour after the procedure. The soothing required time to completely wear off. Patient may need to stay at the center for 1 to 2 hours after the methodology. Full recuperation is normal by the following day. Discharge instruction should be carefully read and followed.
Patients, who are facing any one of the following side effects they should consult their physician immediately.
Severe abdominal pain
Bloody bowel movements